Meycauayan, located in Bulacan, Philippines, is a city rich in history and culture, with a vibrant community and a dynamic economy. Known for its jewelry industry, Meycauayan is a testament to the creativity and industrious spirit of its people.

History of Meycauayan, Bulacan

The history of Meycauayan, Bulacan, traces back to pre-colonial times when it was a thriving community engaged in agriculture and trade. Its name is derived from the local term “May Kawayan,” meaning a place with bamboo, indicative of the bamboo thickets that once dominated the area. It played a significant role during the Spanish colonization, with the establishment of one of the earliest churches in the Philippines, the Saint Francis of Assisi Church, in 1578. The city also witnessed various uprisings and significant events that contributed to the Philippines’ struggle for independence, including the Philippine Revolution against Spain and later, the Philippine-American War. Throughout the years, Meycauayan transformed from a primarily agricultural town to a prominent industrial and commercial city, known today for its thriving jewelry-making industry, leather goods, and garment manufacturing, while still preserving its rich historical and cultural heritage.


  • Location: Meycauayan is situated in the southern part of Bulacan, bordering Valenzuela City in Metro Manila to the south. Its geographical proximity to the National Capital Region makes it a strategic location for businesses and residential developments.
  • Climate: The city experiences a tropical climate with two distinct seasons – wet and dry. The wet season begins in May and ends in November, while the dry season spans from December to April.
  • Topography: The landscape of Meycauayan is predominantly flat, with some areas prone to flooding during the rainy season. The city is also home to several rivers and estuaries, contributing to its rich agricultural land.


  • Population: Meycauayan is one of the densely populated cities in Bulacan, reflecting a diverse mix of urban and rural communities.
  • Language and Ethnicity: Tagalog is the primary language spoken by the residents, reflective of the city’s Tagalog roots. The population is predominantly of Tagalog ethnicity, with a mixture of other ethnic groups due to its proximity to Metro Manila.
  • Religion: Catholicism is the predominant religion in the city, mirroring the Philippines’ Catholic majority. Other religious groups are also present, contributing to the city’s cultural diversity.