Pulilan, a first-class municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines, boasts a rich cultural heritage and lively festivals, contributing significantly to the region’s agricultural and cultural tapestry. Renowned for its annual Carabao Festival, which venerates San Isidro Labrador, the town’s patron saint, Pulilan plays a vital role in honoring the town’s farming roots.

History of Pulilan, Bulacan

The founding date of Pulilan is shrouded in uncertainty. However, historical records from neighboring towns like Calumpit and Baliuag suggest that Pulilan’s origins trace back to the early 17th century. Noteworthy is Puliran, referenced in the Laguna Copperplate Inscription from 900 A.D., indicating its ancient roots.

In the Spanish colonial era, the town was formally established on January 20, 1796, with San Isidro Labrador as its patron saint. Over time, Pulilan underwent shifts in governance, transitioning from Kapitans to Presidentes Municipales, reflecting changing administrative structures. Influential figures such as Francisco Paltao and Froilan Cahiwat played pivotal roles in shaping Pulilan’s early governance.

The town’s road to autonomy reached fruition in 1909, when Eugenio Tiangco became Pulilan’s first president post-independence from Quingua. Across Spanish, American, and Japanese occupations, Pulilan’s residents navigated challenges and made advancements in politics, economy, and societal growth. The fusion of diverse influences propelled the town forward, while its resilient residents upheld their cultural legacy.

San Isidro Labrador, the esteemed patron saint of farmers, stands at the heart of Pulilan’s cultural fabric. Annually, on May 14, the town honors its feast day with a vibrant procession featuring carabaos, cows, horses, dancers, bands, and floats, underscoring their deep reverence for their patron saint and agricultural heritage.


  • Location: Pulilan is situated in the central part of Bulacan, bordered by the municipalities of Plaridel, Calumpit, and Baliuag. It enjoys a strategic location that has contributed to its agricultural and economic development.
  • Climate: Like most parts of the Philippines, Pulilan experiences a tropical climate with two distinct seasons: wet and dry. The wet season typically runs from May to October, while the dry season spans from November to April.
  • Topography: Pulilan is predominantly flat, making it ideal for agriculture, which is the mainstay of its economy. The Angat River flows through part of the municipality, providing irrigation to its vast rice fields.


  • Population: As of the latest census, Pulilan has a population that reflects a diverse mix of cultural backgrounds. The municipality continues to grow at a steady rate due to its economic opportunities and proximity to Metro Manila.
  • Language and Ethnicity: The primary language spoken in Pulilan is Tagalog, reflecting the ethnicity of the majority of its residents. English is widely used, especially in schools and business transactions.
  • Religion: The majority of Pulilan’s population is Roman Catholic, with the town’s religious festivities and traditions deeply rooted in Catholic beliefs. Other religious denominations are also present, contributing to the town’s cultural diversity.